Start Dating english houses external evidence

Dating english houses external evidence

Unfortunately, the outside observer must actually read the documents themselves to grasp this – which first of all are not easy for the non-specialist to know or do (to say nothing of for ''the specialist’).

It has likewise been pointed out by numerous commentators – but seemingly to little avail – that this is ’ (hardly the practice of an Empire weaker than the Roman), had ‘no pity even on the fruit of the womb’ – Josephus describes just such carnage by the Sea of Galilee in 67 CE where the Romans did actually kill, Nazi-style, rather joyfully, just such infants (because they were of little value on the slave market) in the run-up to the siege of Jerusalem two years later – and ‘whose eating was plenteous,’ ‘parcelled out’ .

Matthew –27 even goes so far in response to matters concerning the paying of ‘tribute’ (in this case, delineated in terms of paying the Temple tax) to actually portray Jesus as sending his favorite Apostle ‘Peter’ (also a Galilean ‘fisherman’) to the Sea of Galilee to retrieve the required coinage In addition, however, as just alluded to as well – but it is worth repeating – it is clear that what is being described in this pivotal section of the Habakkuk Pesher is the well-known Roman administrative practice of ‘tax-farming’, particularly among the petty Kings in the East (like the ''Herodians’, who functioned as Roman juridical and ‘tax-gathering’ officials – in the Gospels, that is, ‘Once again, these petty or Eastern Kings were specifically referred to in Roman juridical language as ‘Kings of the Peoples’ – of which such ‘Herodians’ were prototypical.

This is clear to anyone who looks into this subject.

Here, too, the exact phraseology actually appears in the Damascus Document in describing just such kinds of ‘pollution’ – which included even ‘polluting the Temple Treasury,’ ‘robbing of Riches,’ and ‘approaching near kin for fornication’– meaning, ‘marriage with nieces’ and ‘close family cousins’ (again, this is from Columns IV-VII of the so-called ''Damascus Document'' – ''’ at Qumran – have to have been written at more or less the same time since they all use the same vocabulary, refer to the same dramatis personae, and express basically the same concerns and orientation.

Related to these and, in particular this last, are the repeated reference to the two ‘Love Commandments’ of ‘Piety’ and ‘Righteousness’ (I will capitalize important concepts just as I will italicize important phrases and ideas whether in quotations or part of my own exposition) – in Josephus defined as, ‘loving God’ and ‘loving your neighbor as yourself’ – and ‘Justification’ theology generally.

Not only are these the essence, allegedly, of ''Jesus''’ (also, I prefer to put ''Jesus'''' name in single quotes) teaching in the Gospels and James’ in the Letter ascribed to his name in the New Testament and in early Church literature generally; but they are also the basis in the picture provided by Josephus of John the Baptist’s teaching and a central category of ‘Then there is the wide use of ‘Zealot’ and ‘Nazirite’ terminology (in the sense of ‘Nazoraean’ or ‘Nazrene’), designations known to the First Century but not clearly attested to in any consistent manner earlier.

‘Damascus’ (this comes in Column VII and also in the quasi-dupicate material in the 2nd Document found at the end of the 19th Century in the Cairo Genizah and to some extent paralleled at Qumran – usually referred to as Columns XIX-XX – and perhaps the most important internal dating parameter of all).